Steroids are a category of biologically active substances that are involved in the regulation of the vital activity of organisms. Also, this term is conventionally called a group of compounds that contribute to an increase in muscle mass.
Consumption of these drugs is not prohibited by law, but the sale is punishable under criminal law. This decision was made due to the serious side effects that appear with the abuse of these funds.
Steroids and anabolic steroids should be separated. The first is a higher category of substances, which includes a second group of compounds.
In general, steroids are biologically active substances of isoprenoid origin, the striking difference of which is the tetracyclic gonane systems. The rings may contain alkyl, carbonyl, hydroxyl, or carboxyl groups. The molecules themselves can be unsaturated or saturated.
These compounds are also able to be of plant and animal origin, in addition, there are synthetic steroids. The first, for example, include cardiac glycosides - substances secreted from digitalis, strophanthus, lily of the valley, which are used to normalize the heartbeat.
In the human body, this group includes quite a few compounds. For example, these are all bile acids, cholesterol and other substances. Consider the use of steroids and what it is in medicine. However, it is even more important to talk about steroid hormones - substances that regulate biological processes throughout the body.